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Speeding Ticket Defense – VASCAR & ENRADD

Lehigh Valley Traffic Ticket Defense Lawyers in Easton, Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania Speeding Ticket Defenses - VASCAR & ENRADD

Speeding Ticket Defense Lawyers in the Lehigh Valley

Our Speeding Ticket Defense Lawyers are located in Easton, Pennsylvania and are the Proud Designers of the First and Only Instant ENRADD & VASCAR Speeding Defense Calculator.

Our Speeding Ticket Defense Attorneys represent drivers throughout the Lehigh Valley, including Allentown, Bethlehem & Easton, Pennsylvania.  We have experience providing Speeding Ticket Defense against all variations of citations and speed calculations.

Pennsylvania police use a number or different methods to track vehicle speed and issue citations.  These methods include Pacing, Aircraft Speed Detection, Manual Distance Timing (VASCAR), Laser and/or electronic Distance Timing (ENRADD) and Radar.  Although, in Pennsylvania only the Pennsylvania State Police are permitted to use radar.

Each method of speed detection is subject to its own set of problems, errors, legal loopholes and speeding ticket defenses.  With names like VASCAR and ENRADD, these speed detection devices may sound complicated or intimidating but we explain them in detail below.

Lehigh Valley Speeding Ticket Defense Lawyers

Speeding Ticket Points

31 Mph or More over the speed limit is likely to result in suspension regardless of points.

Pioneering Speeding Ticket Defense


Only Speeding Ticket Defense Law Firm in the world to design and produce an instant ENRADD/VASCAR calculator. We employ this tool for speeding ticket defense throughout the Lehigh Valley and have made the tool publicly available.
70 Mph
Ticketed Speed
78 Mph
Actual Speed

VASCAR (Visual Average Speed Computer and Recorder)

How to fight a VASCAR ticket:

Despite the complicated sounding name, VASCAR is little more than a stopwatch that automatically calculates speed over distance when activated. In fact, it is little more than a combination stopwatch and calculator. All the information VASCAR uses to calculate speed is measured by the individual officer controlling the device and is therefore subject to human error. These errors in the VASCAR results stem from human reaction time, human visual limitations and distance measurement errors.  These provide ample ground to beat a speeding ticket.


To use VASCAR an officer must first measure some predetermined length of road and input that information into the VASCAR unit. This is called the “track” and the length from one end to the other is called the “track distance.” He must then find a location from which he can observe both the starting line of the “track” and the finish line of the “track.” Finally, he has to flip a switch when he observes you passing the starting line and then he must flip another switch when he observes your crossing the finish line.


The astute amongst us will probably identify that there is substantial chance of error from both the measurement of the distance, which is usually done using the police cruiser odometer as well as from the reaction time required to flip both switches. These are, indeed, sources of false tickets and the basis of many speeding ticket defenses.


The error caused by inaccurate measurements of the track distance and the officer’s inherent reaction time can be mitigated by the officer by increasing the track distance. However, any increase in track distance leads to third source, parallax. While parallax is too complicated to explain here, what is essential to know is that the further the apart both ends of the track are, the more error generated by the officers inability to observe when the vehicle passes both ends of the track. As the ends of the track move further apart, the vehicle will appear to cross the start line later and the finish line sooner, thus giving inaccurately high speed readings.


Try our VASCAR Speeding Defense Calculator tool. It has been created by our office to defeat VASCAR speeding tickets and is the first and only one in existence.

ENRADD (Electronic Non-Radar Device)

How to fight an ENRADD Ticket:

ENRADD is a semi-mobile device that uses laser to ascertain a vehicle’s speed. ENRADD is employed by local police departments but is very rarely used by State Police.


Like VASCAR, ENRADD uses the same calculation of distance over time. “Track Distance” and time are both utilized in the calculation and should be denoted on any speeding ticket. Unlike VASCAR, the ENRADD automatically tracks when a vehicle passes the start and finish line via the use of laser.


The ENRADD consists of, essentially, four (4) post, two (2) posts on each side of a road. The posts on the same side of the road will be setup 3 feet apart from each other and will mark the start and finish lines of the “track.” The posts on the other side of the road will likewise be setup 3 feet apart from each other and will mark the start and finish lines of the “track.”


A laser passes between each start post and tracks when the path of the laser is broken by a passing vehicle. Likewise, the finish posts have a laser passing between them and will record when a vehicle passes between through the laser. The time between the break in both lasers is used to calculate the time it takes the vehicle to travel three (3) feet.


So, while ENRADD is superior to VASCAR in that it does not require manual clocking by an officer, it raises its own sets of problems. The ENRADD “track” is only 3 feet long and therefore and errors or malfunctions are amplified because their consequences are not disperse across a much longer distance as would be the case in a longer VASCAR track.


ENRADD devices require setup on level ground and along a straight path. Otherwise, a different part of the vehicle may break the plane of each laser and return an incorrect speed calculation. While these errors may only be inches, the track is only 36 inches long and therefore every inch makes a substantial difference.

Lehigh County & Northampton County Speeding Ticket FAQs

Commonly asked questions by driver in Easton, Allentown & Bethlehem about Traffic & Speeding Ticket Defense

What should I do if I've recieved a speeding ticket?

If you are in Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton or the surrounding area and have been cited for a serious speeding violation, it is important that you figure out how to navigate the court system quickly. Our speeding defense lawyers handle all varieties of speeding tickets. We handle VASCAR, ENRADD, Stopwatch & Radar speeding tickets.

If you have received a speeding ticket you should plead not guilty immediately. Once you pay the fine, you have admitted guilt. There are likely potential defenses against the violation. Your speeding ticket and the circumstances surrounding it should be reviewed immediately by a speeding ticket defense attorney. Our Traffic Attorneys are committed to seeking the best possible outcome in your speeding ticket case.

How do I appeal a Speeding Ticket? What is the Process? What Can I expect?

The vast majority of speeding tickets are Summary Offenses and will initially be disposed of by the Magisterial District Court.

If charged with a summary, the police officer will typically write you a citation without arresting you, this is what occurs in the majority of traffic stops. In other cases, an ordinary citizen may file summary offense charges against you through the private criminal complaint process. You have 10 days to plead not guilty to the charge. Be sure to follow the instructions on the back of the citation. When pleading not guilty, you will be required to post what is called collateral. The court requires you to pay a portion of your citation in advance. If you are found not guilty at the court hearing, your money will be refunded to you.

When you are charged with a criminal or traffic summary offense, your local Magisterial District Judge will have jurisdiction over the case. Magisterial District Court is more informal than the Court of Common Pleas. District judges are not required to be lawyers but many are. On the day of your case, your attorney should speak with the police officer or other party before the hearing and request that he or she dismiss the charge, allow you to plead to a lesser charge or reduce the fine. If the police officer or opposing party is not receptive to this, it may be in your best interests to take your summary case to a trial. A typical summary trial lasts under an hour. The prosecuting party and any witnesses that he or she wishes to call will take the witness stand first. Your attorney will be given the opportunity to cross-examine these witnesses. Once the Commonwealth finishes its case-in-chief, you and any of your witnesses will take the witness stand. You and your witnesses will also be subject to cross-examination by the police officer. At that point, both sides will be given the opportunity to make closing arguments before the district judge. You will deliver your closing argument first and the prosecuting side will deliver their argument last. Once closing arguments have concluded, the judge will render a decision.

If you retain the best trial attorney in a speeding ticket case, you have the advantage from the start. In the majority of cases, a police officer will be prosecuting the case. Very rarely will an Assistant District Attorney show up to prosecute your speeding ticket case in District Court. Police officers are not attorneys and have limited training in the rules of evidence and technicalities of the law.

If you are found guilty of a speeding ticket in District Court, you have 30 days to appeal your case to the Court of Common Pleas. Even if you plead guilty to the speeding ticket before consulting an attorney, you still have a right to appeal your case to the Court of Common Pleas but the deadline for this appeal may be shorter than the 30 day deadline if you’re found guilty at trial.

Common Pleas judges are required to be licensed attorneys. Typically, an Assistant District Attorney will also be in court to assist the police in prosecuting summary appeal matters. In the Court of Common Pleas you have the right to a trial de novo. This means that you get a new trial and get to start all over again. You will be able to go through the entire process that occurred at District Court. The same rules of evidence and procedure apply. The Assistant District Attorney has the ability to offer you a plea bargain on your summary appeal trial date.

At a summary appeal you will often find yourself before a more impartial and more highly trained judge, but you will also be up against a more highly trained prosecutor.

I've been notified my driver's license will be suspended, what should I do?

You should contact an Speeding Ticket Defense & Driver License Attorney immediately. In most cases, when PennDOT notifies you that your license may be suspended you must file two (2) appeals. You must file a civil appeal against PennDOT but you must also file a “criminal” appeal challenging the underlying ticket as well. Unfortunately most pro se litigants to not file the second, summary appeal, which inevitably leads to their PennDOT appeal being dismissed and their license loss.

What are the consequences of being found guilty of this speeding ticket?

PennDOT maintains a driving record for every licensed driver in Pennsylvania. Points are added to a driving record when a driver is found guilty of certain driving (moving) violations. The purpose of the point system is to help to improve driving habits and to ensure safe driving. PennDOT begins to take corrective action when a driving record reaches 6 or more points. The following sections explain what happens when a driving record reaches 6 or more points:

Under the Age of 18 in Carbon, Lehigh, Monroe or Northampton County
The driving privilege of a person under the age of 18 will be suspended if that person accumulates six (6) or more points or is convicted of driving 26 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit. The first suspension will be for a period of 90 days. Any additional occurrences will result in a suspension of 120 days. This suspension is in addition to the requirements of the point system found below.

First Accumulation of 6 Points in Carbon, Lehigh, Monroe or Northampton County
When any driving record reaches 6 or more points for the first time, the driver will receive a written notice to take a special written point examination. The examination will address:
1. Knowledge of Safe Driving Practices,
2. Knowledge of Departmental Sanctions, and
3. Knowledge of Related Safety Issues.
The driver has 30 days to successfully pass the exam or else the license will be suspended until the exam is passed. If the exam is passed within the 30 day period, 2 points will be removed from the driving record.

Second Accumulation of 6 Points in Carbon, Lehigh, Monroe or Northampton County
When any driving record is reduced below 6 points and then for a second time reaches 6 or more points, the driver will have to attend a Departmental Hearing. The driver will receive a written notice of the specific time and location of the required hearing. At the hearing, a hearing examiner will review the driver’s record. After the hearing, the Department may recommend one or more:
1. Order a 15 Day License Suspension,
2. Order the Driver to Take a Special On-Road Driver’s Examination, or
3. Take No Action.
If a person’s driving privilege is suspended or a special driver’s exam is recommended, 2 points will be removed from the driving record if the driver passes the exam within 30 days or 2 points will be removed once the 15 day suspension has been served. No points are removed from the driving record if the Department does not initiate a sanction.
Failure to attend this Departmental Hearing will result in a 60 day license suspension.

Third or More Accumulation of 6 Points in Carbon, Lehigh, Monroe or Northampton County
When any driving record is reduced below 6 points and for the third or subsequent time reaches 6 or more points, the driver will have to attend a Departmental hearing. The hearing examiner will review the driving record. The Department will then determine if a 30 day license suspension will be initiated.
Failure to attend this Departmental hearing will result in the suspension of the driver’s license until the driver attends the hearing.

Excessive Speeding in Carbon, Lehigh, Monroe or Northampton County
When a driver is convicted for speeding 31 miles per hour or more over the posted speed limit, the driver will have to attend a Departmental Hearing. The driver will receive a written notice of the specific time and location of the required hearing. The hearing examiner will review the driving record. Upon the Department’s review of the hearing file, one or both of the following will be initiated:
1. 15 Day License Suspension
2. Special On-Road Driver’s Examination
If a 15 day suspension is initiated, the driving record will show 5 points upon restoration. No points are removed if a special driver’s examination is initiated and completed.
Failure to attend this Departmental Hearing will result in a 60 day license suspension.

Accumulation of 11 Points or More
When any driving record reaches 11 or more points, the driver’s license will automatically be suspended. The length of suspension depends on how many times the license was suspended in the past. The suspension schedule is as follows:
1. First Suspension – 5 days per point
2. Second Suspension – 10 days per point
3. Third Suspension – 15 days per point
4. Subsequent Suspensions – One year

Point Removal for Safe Driving
Three (3) points are removed from a driving record for every 12 consecutive months a person drives (from the date of the last violation) without a violation which results in points, license suspension or revocation. Once a driving record is reduced to zero and remains at zero points for 12 consecutive months, any further accumulation of points is treated as the first accumulation of points.

License Suspension and Restoration
If a person’s driving privilege is to be suspended, a written notice will be mailed to the driver listing the date when the suspension will begin. The driver may appeal the suspension to his or her county’s Court of Common Pleas. The appeal must be made WITHIN 30 DAYS AFTER the mailing date of the notice. The most recent product (ie, license, permit(s) and/or camera card) must be returned to the Bureau of Driver Licensing by the effective date of suspension listed on the notice or the State Police, local police or other authorities that have been delegated by the Department will be notified to pick up the license. In addition to serving the suspension or revocation, the appropriate restoration fee must be paid before the license will be returned. After the driving privilege is restored, the driving record will show 5 points, regardless of the number of points which appeared on the record before the license was suspended (except in the case of a 15 day suspension resulting from a hearing for the second accumulation of 6 points).

How to beat a Speeding Ticket?

The very first step is to plead not guilty. Then contact a Lehigh Valley Speeding Ticket Defense Attorney.

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If you need any legal assistance in the Lehigh Valley, please feel free to contact us.  Our Easton Law Office will get back to you within one business day.  Or, just call us now.

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Northampton County & Lehigh County Traffic Ticket Defense Staff

Easton, Bethlehem & Allentown Traffic Lawyers